Sikkim — A Complete Organic State by 2015
The Sikkim Government has drawn a comprehensive policy to make the state an organic state by year 2015. At present approximately 6000 ha area of agriculture land is under conversion. For the remaining 50000 ha of land under cultivation, clear milestones have been set as under:
|New area to be made organic (ha)||Year of starting||Year of completion|
With collective efforts of all concerned the plan to make Sikkim complete organic will be completed by 2015. To achieve this target we have laid down the following policies.
- Sikkim is doing an in-depth integrated assessment of its general agricultural policies, programmes and plans to understand how they affect the competitiveness and conditions of the organic sector.
- The objectives for development of organic sector is clarified before all stakeholders like farmers, government machineries and all concerned who are involved in the development of plans and programmes.
- An action plan for organic sector is developed based on analysis of the state of the sector, participatory consultations, needs assessment and proper sequencing of actions. The action plan will make measurable targets for the organic sector to help agencies and stakeholders focus their efforts.
- Government is actively creating awareness for organic agriculture at all levels.
- Data about organic production and markets will be collected over the years, analysed and made available to the organic sector and all stakeholders.
- Direct support measures to farmers will be extended by giving them various input incentive programmes such as rural compost pits, vermicompost, biofertilizers etc.
- Organic extension services will be established with a view to train the staff. Farm and the farmer would be the focal point in the newly developed organic extension through participatory approach. The Sikkim Government has already set up three livelihood schools, first of its kind in the country at Tadong (East District), Bermiok (South District) and Daramdin (West District) to create trained local manpower for the organic sector.
- Traditional knowledge about pest control treatments etc. will be surveyed and disseminated through extention service.
- Recycling of agriculture and food waste into organic farming system will be promoted.
- Government has already established a biofertilizer unit at Majitar in East Sikkim with an installed capacity of 150 tonnes per year. More units will be set up in Government sector and local educated unemployed will be encouraged to set up such units in the private sector.
- Seed production and testing will be oriented towards organic production. Local seeds will be produced in an organic environment.
- Animal feed production units will be set up so that all animal feed is organic and all manure so prepared from cattle dung will also be organic.
- Policies for genetically modified organisms (GMOs) need to ensure that GMO seeds are not distributed or used in any way that cause contamination of seeds.
Standards and Regulation
- Government will assist in certification services
- Producers will be supported to comply with standards, certification procedures and regulations. Special consideration will be taken for certification of small holders.
- Training programme for farmer groups to set up internal control system will be fully supported.
- Government while regulating this sector will develop the regulations in close consultation with all concerned and ensure that the regulation is enabling.
- Public procurement of organic products will be encouraged including featuring organic food in important public events.
- Consumer education and awareness will be actively promoted.
- A common market and logo by the name of ‘SIKKIM ORGANIC’ for organic products of Sikkim will be established and promoted.
- Domestic market development strategies will include measures for both the supply and demand side including the role of exports.
- The organization of farmers in regard to marketing, joint distribution and storage will be formed, strengthened and supported.
- Market information system will be established.
- Export promotion activities will be supported recognizing the special nature of organic markets. Organic experts should be encouraged to join forces to promote and market their products.
- Organic agriculture will be integrated into the curriculum for primary and secondary schools. Specialized institutions involved in training for organic agriculture will be supported. Higher education in organic agriculture will be developed.
- Special research programmes will be established for organic research and the sector will be involved in priority setting. Research and Development (R&D) in organic agriculture will be participatory, build on and integrate traditional knowledge (where relevant) and be based on the needs of the producers.
- Government and the private sector will participate in relevant international forums such as the Codex Alimentarius, IFOAM and the ITF.
- Regional cooperation in marketing, standards, conformity assessment and R&D will be promoted.
Formulating policy vision, mission and designing a strategy for implementation is only the first step in the direction of fulfilling Organic Mission 2015. The Government is totally committed to this mission to make Sikkim a complete organic State by 2015. To achieve the coordination among various agencies, a State level steering committee is constituted under the chairmanship of Chief Secretary and concerned Heads of Departments as members. For day-to-day implementation of the programme executive committee is formed under the chairmanship of Minister of FSADD and HCCDD, consisting of Departmental officers.
Lastly, it is the appeal to all my fellow citizens of this beautiful Himalayan State to make this Sikkim Organic Mission a great success. This will not only be beneficial to all citizens of the state in terms of health and wealth but will also be beneficial for our precious land, water sources and ecology. We have not inherited this earth from our forefathers but have borrowed it from our future generations, it is our duty to protect it by living in complete harmony with nature and environment.
Institutional Framework setup for Implementation of Sikkim Organic Mission 2015
Executive Body of Sikkim Organic Mission
The Government of Sikkim vide Gazette Notification Dated 26th October 2010 issued orders for constitution of State Level Apex Committee (SLAC), State Level Steering Committee (SLSC) and Executive Body of the Sikkim Organic Mission.