Organic Farming & Benefits
The most widely acceptable definition of organic farming is “Organic is a production system that sustains the health of soils, ecosystem and people. It relies on ecological processes, biodiversity and cycles adapted to local conditions rather then the use of inputs with adverse effects. Organic agriculture combines tradition, innovation and science to benefit the shared environment and promote fair relationships and a good quality of life for all involved”.
Thus, in organic farming, agricultural practices are in complete harmony with nature. The whole purpose is to remain in synchronization with the ecosystem. There are the four principles of organic farming which explain the underlying philosophy. They are:
Health: Organic agriculture should sustain and enhance the health of soil, plant, animal, human and planet as one individual .
Ecology: Organic agriculture should be based on living ecological systems and cycles, work with them and help sustain them.
Fairness: Organic agriculture should be built on relationships that ensure fairness with regard to the common environment and life opportunities.
Care: Organic agriculture should be managed in a precautionary and responsible manner to protect the health and well-being of current and future generations and the environment.
Benefits of Organic Farming
Organic farming has several advantages as compared to conventional way of farming wherein several chemicals and other inputs are used to increase the productivity of land.
- Organic farming proves to be more profitable than conventional farming methods.
- Organic farming reduces the production cost by about 25-30% as it does not involve the use of synthetic fertilizers and pesticides which thus makes organic farming cost-effective.
- Soil is the most important component in farming and organic farming preserves soil by reducing soil erosion up to a large extent.
- Organic farming also enables farmers to use soil for a longer period of time to grow crops as soil fertility is maintained for a long time.
- Organic farming has a positive effect on the ecosystem, as it proves vital in supporting survival of wildlife in the lowlands. It even provides safe pasture lands for grazing.
- Organic farming is not only beneficial for farmers but it has also proved useful for the dairy industry. Cattle feed from organic farmlands have been found to be less prone to diseases and they yield more milk. These are definitely good signs for a consumer of these dairy products from health perspective and for a dairy organization from the profit perspective.
- Products or foodstuff produced from organic farming neither contain any sort of artificial flavour or preservatives nor do they contain any harmful chemicals.
- The original nutritional content of food is preserved due to the absence of synthetic fertilizers and pesticides.
Organic products are tastier then the products yielded from traditional farming.
- Consumption of products obtained from organic farming minimizes the risk of physical ailments such as heart attacks. Scientific studies have proven that organic foods are healthier than the inorganic ones.