Develop Bio-Villages

Development of Bio-Villages

First physical step towards conversion of Sikkim agriculture to organic was adoption of bio-village progarmme using EM technology. Starting from 2003-04 till 2009-10, 396 villages were adopted as bio-villages by the Department of Food Security and Agriculture Development in collaboration with Maple Orgtech Pvt. Ltd, Kolkata. About 14,000 farmers and 14,000 acres of land in all the 4 districts of Sikkim were benefited under the programme. Important soil enrichment and plant-protection formulations demonstrated under the strategy were EM-compost, EM-Bokashi, EM-FPE and EM-5 (See Tables 1 and 2).

Development of Bio-Villages – Awareness Camps and Demonstrations

Preparation of compost

Preparation of compost

Training and Capacity Building

Training and Capacity Building

Preparation of Bokashi

Preparation of Bokashi

Preparation of Bio-Pest

Preparation of Bio-Pest

EM Compost Heaps

EM Compost Heaps

Compost Preperation through EM Technology

Compost Preperation through EM Technology

Table : EM technology based inputs demonstrated in bio-villages

EM Input Details
Effective Microorganisms (EM) compost Compost prepared by using farm waste, cow dung, animal bedding biomass within 35-40 days
EM – Bokashi A Japanese fermented compost prepared from crop waste in 7-10 days
EM – Fermented Plant Extract (EM-FPE) Chemical free bio-pesticide, growth promoter and insect pest repellant
EM-5 An effective microbially fermented bio-pesticide to prevent leaf diseases

 

Table : Physical and Financial achievement of EM technology during 2003-04 to 2009-10

Parameter Physical achievement in districts Total Financial (lakh)
East South West North
Villages covered 120 80 153 43 396
Beneficiaries 4067 2681 5810 1442 14000
Area (acre) 4067 2681 5810 1442 14000

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